Knife sharpening

19th Mar 2023

Sharpening a knife is a skill that every knife owner should have. A dull knife is not only frustrating to use, but it can also be dangerous. A sharp knife, on the other hand, is not only safer, but it can also make your kitchen tasks much easier and more efficient. In this article, we will discuss the basics of sharpening knives and offer some tips to help you get the best results.

First, let's talk about the different types of sharpeners. There are three main types: whetstones, electric sharpeners, and manual sharpeners. Whetstones are the traditional way of sharpening knives and involve rubbing the blade against a stone to create a new edge. Electric sharpeners are a quick and convenient way to sharpen knives, but they can be expensive. Manual sharpeners are a good option for those on a budget and can be used to sharpen both straight and serrated blades.

When it comes to choosing a sharpener, consider the type of knife you are sharpening and your personal preferences. Some sharpeners work better for certain types of knives, so it's important to do your research before making a purchase.

Once you have your sharpener, it's time to start sharpening. The first step is to clean the blade. This can be done with soap and water or a specialized cleaner. Once the blade is clean, you can begin sharpening.

When using a whetstone, it's important to use the correct angle. The angle will vary depending on the type of knife you are sharpening. A general rule of thumb is to maintain a 20-degree angle for most kitchen knives. Make sure to keep the blade wet while sharpening, as this will prevent the stone from clogging.

Electric sharpeners are easy to use and often come with guides to ensure you maintain the correct angle. Simply run the blade through the sharpener a few times, and you're done.

Manual sharpeners work by pulling the blade through a set of abrasive wheels. It's important to follow the instructions carefully, as some sharpeners are designed for specific types of knives.

It's important to note that sharpening a knife too frequently can actually cause damage to the blade. A general rule of thumb is to sharpen your knife when it starts to feel dull or has been used heavily.

Sharpening your knives is an important skill that every knife owner should have. Whether you choose a whetstone, electric sharpener, or manual sharpener, it's important to do your research and choose the right tool for the job. With a little practice and patience, you can easily maintain a sharp edge on your knives and enjoy safe, efficient kitchen tasks.

Tools You'll Need: 

To sharpen a knife, you'll need a few tools, including a sharpening stone, honing oil, and a towel or rag. Sharpening stones come in various shapes, sizes, and materials, so it's essential to choose the right one for the job. Most sharpening stones are made of either ceramic, diamond, or natural materials like Arkansas stone. You'll also need honing oil to lubricate the sharpening stone and prevent the blade from overheating or getting damaged.

Steps to Sharpen a Knife:

  1. Prepare the sharpening stone: Before you start sharpening, you need to prepare your sharpening stone. Place it on a stable surface, and apply a few drops of honing oil to the stone's surface.
  2. Check the knife's edge: Take a good look at the edge of your knife to identify any nicks or chips in the blade. If there are any significant nicks, you'll need to use a coarse sharpening stone to remove them before you start sharpening.
  3. Angle the blade: Hold the knife with your dominant hand, and place the blade against the sharpening stone at a 20-degree angle. This angle will create a sharp edge while maintaining the blade's strength and durability.
  4. Sharpen the blade: Using smooth, controlled strokes, move the blade across the sharpening stone, starting at the base of the blade and working towards the tip. Repeat this process on the other side of the blade until you've sharpened both sides.
  5. Hone the blade: Once you've sharpened the blade, you'll need to hone it to remove any remaining burrs or rough spots. Use a honing steel or leather strop to hone the blade, using the same angle you used when sharpening.
  6. Clean the blade: After honing the blade, wipe it down with a clean towel or rag to remove any honing oil or metal shavings.

Sharpening a knife is a skill that takes practice, but with the right tools and techniques, anyone can master it. Remember to check your blade for nicks or chips before sharpening, use a stable surface to hold your sharpening stone, and always maintain a 20-degree angle when sharpening. With these tips, you'll be able to keep your knives sharp and in top condition for years to come.